The U.S. Department of Justice’s (DOJ’s) Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global) serves as a Federal Advisory Committee (FAC) and advises the U.S. Attorney General on justice information sharing and integration initiatives. Global was created to support the broad-scale exchange of pertinent justice and public safety information. It promotes a standards-based electronic information exchange to provide the justice community with timely, accurate, complete, and accessible information in a secure and trusted environment to address critical justice system business requirements.
Global’s membership consists of more than 30 national organizations that represent all levels of government and all aspects of the justice system. Its mission—the efficient sharing of data among justice entities—is at the very heart of modern public safety and law enforcement. Member organizations participate in Global with a shared responsibility and shared belief that, together, they can promote effective solutions and bring about positive change by making recommendations and supporting DOJ Initiatives.
GAC operates in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act provisions and convenes twice a year in Washington, DC. Meetings are announced in the Federal Register, and the public is welcome to attend as observers.
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP), Bureau of Justice Assistance supports Global through a series of important initiatives. This includes funding for training and technical assistance for the implementation of justice information sharing business solutions using the standards developed by the Global Standards Council (GSC) called the Global Standards Package (GSP). Use of several of these standards is now an OJP grant condition when funding is used for justice information sharing projects.
National Information Exchange Model
The National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) is one of the early Global standards. The NIEM program office is a partnership between DOJ and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. NIEM was developed as a standard methodology to facilitate the exchange of information between disparate information systems. This technology makes it possible to move information in a uniform manner among justice and public safety organizations using different systems to store and manage their electronic information.
Global Reference Architecture
Another Global tool which was adopted to provide a technical configuration standard is called Global Reference Architecture (GRA). GRA is based on an industry standard configuration known as “service oriented architecture” (SOA). GRA provides a reusable and scalable methodology for the exchange of information among justice system organizations for a wide range of information movement, search and retrieval, and the collection of data for evaluation and research.
User Authentication and Permissions
A tool that plays a critical role in facilitating the electronic exchange of information between justice system organizations is called Global Federated Identity and Privilege Management (GFIPM). Also employing industry standard technology, GFIPM standards establish a uniform methodology for establishing and authenticating the identity of an information sharing system user and assigning permissions for accessing certain types of data.
The Global Tool Kit
The resources identified above can all be used independently to support justice information sharing. However, they have been designed to be part of a suite of tools all contribution to the sharing of critical justice and public safety information. A useful interactive website has been developed to assist criminal justice practitioners in exploring and utilizing the collection of Global standards generally referred to Global Information Sharing Tool Kit.