FBI JIS National Data Exchange (N-DEx)
The N-DEx provides criminal justice agencies with a mechanism for sharing, searching, linking, and analyzing information across jurisdictional boundaries. A national repository of criminal justice records submitted by agencies from around the nation, N-DEx uses those records to “connect the dots” between data on people, places, and things that may seem unrelated in order to link investigations…and investigators. N-DEx supplies free, secure, and immediate access to relevant information, enhances the criminal justice community’s ability to share that information in a timely manner, and provides analysis and collaboration tools to assist investigators working cases cooperatively with other agencies.
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)
Administered by the FBI, the IAFIS is a national fingerprint and criminal history system that responds to requests 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to help our local, state, and federal partners—and IAFIS's own investigators—solve and prevent crime and catch criminals and terrorists. IAFIS provides automated fingerprint search capabilities, latent search capability, electronic image storage, and electronic exchange of fingerprints and responses. IAFIX not ony contains fingerprints, but also corresponding criminal histories; mug shots; scars and tattoo photos; physical characteristics like height, weight, and hair and eye color; and aliases. The system also includes civil fingerprints, mostly of individuals who have served or are serving in the U.S. military or have been or are employed by the federal government. The fingerprints and criminal history information are submitted voluntarily by state, local, and federal law enforcement agencies.
IAFIS was launched on July 28, 1999. Prior to this time, the processing of ten-print fingerprint submissions was largely a manual, labor-intensive process, taking weeks or months to process a single submission. The FBI has been the national repository for fingerprints and related criminal history data since 1924, when more than 800,000 fingerprint records from the National Bureau of Criminal Identification and Leavenworth Penitentiary were consolidated with Bureau files. The first use of computers to search fingerprint files took place in October 1980.
Nlets is an interstate justice and public safety network that compiles law enforcement, criminal justice, and public safety related data of all of the United States and territories, all Federal agencies with a justice component, selected international agencies, and a variety of strategic partners to cooperatively share to serve the law enforcement community. The mission of Nlets is to provide, within a secure environment, international justice telecommunications capability and information services that will benefit to the highest degree, the safety, security, and preservation of human life and the protection of property.
Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN)
HSIN is a national secure and trusted web-based portal for information sharing and collaboration between federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector, and international partners engaged in the homeland security mission. HSIN access is based on nomination and acceptance into one or more Communities of Interest (COIs).